Geography of New York City, New York

The geography of New York is characterized by its coastal position and the water surrounding it. The geography of New York City, New York, is as diverse and unique as the population itself. As a center for finance, fashion, publishing, public policy, and politics, New York City has become one of the most influential cities in the world.

New York City is located on southern New York State coast, where the Hudson River enters into the Atlantic Ocean after flowing from Lake Tear-of-the-Lake in upstate N.Y. This water connection makes New York one of America's major ports for international trade, with over $175 billion worth of goods passing through every year.

The five-county governments of the New York Metropolitan Area are each responsible for a geographic area of the region. Each New York City borough is a municipality within its own county with its own government that exercises authority in local affairs. The mayor and councilors are elected to four-year terms. The boundaries of the counties have been unchanged since 1898, though within those areas, there has been a continual process of annexation, especially to the city proper.


The climate is humid subtropical transitioning into a humid continental or warm summer subtype (Koppen classification: Dfa) using the 32-degree isotherm, meaning there are cool to mild winters and hot, muggy summers. Summer high temperatures range from 70 to 95 degrees Fahrenheit, while winter lows range from 25 to 40 degrees Fahrenheit. Annual precipitation is relatively high, at around 45 inches (1,140 mm) per year, with the winter months receiving the most precipitation on average.

New York experiences snowfall in winter, but it varies greatly over short distances due to its inland location and proximity to water. For example, 1 inch of snow can fall in Manhattan, but 20 inches of snow can fall within 50 miles of Buffalo.

New York's population is also very diverse. As a result of immigration, many citizens are bilingual or speak other languages, including Spanish, Italian, and French. There are 56 different spoken languages among New Yorkers alone, which makes New York an international city full of diversity as well as opportunity. New York City is the most populous city in the United States and contains over 8.4 million people living within an area measuring 34 square miles. The next largest city, Los Angeles, contains 3.8 million people within 468 square miles.


The population density of New York is 27,012 persons/square mile, which makes New York one of the most densely populated cities in the world due to its limited land area and high demand for housing and living space.

In conclusion, New York City is located on a coastal plain with a humid subtropical climate transitioning into a humid continental climate. It experiences snowfall, but precipitation varies greatly because it has an inland location, unlike other major Americans like San Francisco or Seattle that have a coastal location. The population is very diverse, with over 8.4 million people living in an area of 34 square miles yielding a high density of 27,012 persons/square mile.

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